Like any other type of machinery, it’s crucial to take care of your old vehicle so that it can run for a long time. Taking care involves giving it regular checkups and ensuring it has all the necessary fluids. Cars need these vital fluids to function correctly and provide an enjoyable driving experience.
Here is a list of fluids you need to keep in check for smooth driving:
For all modern vehicles, engine oil is the most important fluid used in the engine. Its primary purpose is to keep all the engine parts well lubricated so that the engine runs smoothly and keeping the overall temperature of the engine low and under control.
Failing to adhere to your vehicles oil requirements can result in substantial engine damage leading to engine failure. This is why all vehicle owners are made aware of the duration in which the oil will need changing in their servicing interval set. Changing oil at the right intervals prevent the oil from being polluted by debris and other contaminants.
When you drive a car, the engine and other moving parts within the vehicle create heat. This heat can be dangerous for the vehicle if exposed for an extended period of time.
So to prevent overheating, a coolant is added to the car. The coolant is continually passed through the engine block via an engine-driven water pump. This helps to dissipate the heat and keep the engine temperature under control.
Compared to engine oil, the coolant’s service life is longer. A coolant can last more than 50,000km without changing. But regular checks should be made to make sure it doesn’t need topping up. If the car is driven without any coolant, it is very likely that the car will suffer engine damage quickly.
Another necessary liquid we put into our cars is brake fluid. The brake fluid is what provides the force you feel when pushing the pedal down. The brake fluid in nature is a glycol-based fluid, which means that it cannot be compressed and is perfect for transferring the brake pressure.
However, it is also a hygroscopic liquid, meaning that it absorbs moisture from its surrounding, making the brake feel spongy and makes it ineffective in doing its job. Therefore, it is advised that the brake fluid should be changed every one or two years to remove the moisture and return the brakes to their optimal performance.
This fluid is required in both manual and automatic transmission cars. This helps the transmission to operate smoothly, and just like the engine oil, it helps to lubricate all transmission parts.
For manual cars, this transmission fluid lubricated the gears and prevented them from wearing out. Whereas in an automated transmission, the fluid plays a more crucial role. Along with providing lubrication, it also acts as a hydraulic fluid.
The service life is different for every car, and there are even transmission oils that can last you a lifetime. Even so, regular checks must be made to make sure there is no need for changing or topping up the oil.
Differential fluids are found in rear-wheel drive and four-wheel drive vehicles. These vehicles are fitted with differentials that are separate from the transmission, requiring their own oil to function properly.
The differential oil works similarly to the transmission oil, as it helps to lubricate the various parts and bearing inside the differential.
These fluids have a manufacturer’s set replacement date, which the car owner must adhere to because differentials carry a small amount of differential fluid, which can be easily contaminated.
Power steering fluid
Nowadays, we are used to driving cars equipped with power steering, but if you have ever driven an old car without power steering, you know how difficult it can be. Thankfully to modern technology, the manufacturers have equipped cars with hydraulic or electric power steering; which makes maneuvering the car at any speed very easy.
The power steering fluid is pumped in from the engine down to the steering racks making movement easier. This fluid doesn’t necessarily have a replacement date, but regular checks and top-ups can prevent any problem with the steering.
Windscreen washer fluid
Yes, it is not a liquid that cools or lubricates parts of the car; the windscreen washer fluid is still essential. Driving a car without a clear windscreen can lead to accidents, especially in dark lit areas. Hence, having a filled reservoir of washer fluid is necessary at all times.
Washer fluid does not have a replacement date, so regular checks will be enough. Apart from the cleaning fluid, it is also important to have good quality vipers. Good vipers and cleaning liquid will make sure that your windscreen is clean at all the time. Hence, ensuring safe driving.
These are some of the essential fluids deserving your attention. If you don’t know the last time these fluids have been replaced or topped up, get your vehicle inspected. But i
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